The word consul derives from the Latin word consulo which means 'to consult', because these officers consulted with the senate on administrative measures.
Black's Law Dictionary, 5th Edition (page 286):
- Consul. (Int'l.) An officer of a commercial character, appointed by the different states to watch over the mercantile [trade or commercial] interests of the appointing state and of its subjects in foreign countries.
- Consular court. Courts held by the consuls of one country, within the territory of another, under authority given by treaty, for the settlement of civil cases. In some instances they had also a criminal jurisdiction, but in this respect were subject to review by the courts of the home government. See 22 U.S.C.A. § 1 4 1 . The last of the United States consular courts (Morocco) was abolished in 1 956.
The prerequisites of 'due process of law' regarding any dispute or criminal complaint between any Moor and foreign occidental European colonist / citizen of the United States, for the enforcement of treaty rights and treaty obligations are enforceable under consular jurisdiction and venue; and both foreign jurisdictions are universally known at sea by which flag they fly in accordance with the 'Law of Flags' (page 574):
- In maritime law, the law of that nation or country whose flag is flown by a particular vessel. A shipowner who sends his vessel into a foreign port gives notice by his flag to all who enter into contracts with the master that he intends the law of that flag to regulate such contracts, and that they must either submit to its operation or not contract with him.
Black's Law Dictionary, 8th Edition (page 948-949):
- Consul. n.1. A governmental representative living in a foreign country to oversee commercial and other matters involving the representative's home country and its citizens in that foreign country. • Consuls are not diplomatic agents, so, unless a treaty provides otherwise, they do not enjoy diplomatic privileges and immunities. But consuls are entitled to consular immunities, which protect them from local law and jurisdiction in the exercise of their consular functions.
- “Consuls are commercial, not diplomatic agents. They reside abroad for the purpose of protecting the individual interests of traders, travellers, and mariners belonging to the State which employs them.... They exercise jurisdiction over their countrymen, their persons are inviolable, their residences may be used as asylums in the case of war or tumult, and in fact they possess more than the ordinary diplomatic immunities.” T.J. Lawrence, A Hand-book of Public International Law 86–87 (10th ed. 1925).
- “Consuls are not diplomatic agents; they perform various services for a state or its subjects in another state, without, however, representing the former in the full sense. They may be nationals of either state, and generally they are made subject to the authority of the diplomatic representative of the state for which they act. They watch over commercial interests of the state for which they act; collect information for it; help its nationals with advice, administer their property if they die abroad, and register their births, deaths, and marriages; they authenticate documents for legal purposes, take depositions from witnesses, visa passports, and the like.” J.L. Brierly, The Law of Nations 216 (5th ed. 1955).
The North American continent is under binding international treaty law, i.e., the Treaty of Peace and Friendship of 1836 between the United States of North America and the Moroccan Empire, which superseded the organic Treaty of Peace and Friendship of 1787 between the United States of America and His Imperial Majesty the Emperor of Morocco. This Treaty is proof of there being two (2) jurisdictions that are foreign to each other, and are operating at North America for the purpose of amity and commerce: (1) the United States Republic of North America and (2) the Moroccan Empire which is the home government of the land.
Whenever the aboriginal Moors are engaged in any form of commerce (trade, buying, selling, etc.) with the citizens of the United States, i.e., the foreign hybrid European colonists, there must be a consular jurisdiction available within the jurisdiction of either party to the Treaty in an event that there is a dispute or controversy per Articles 20 and 21 of such Treaty, which aver the following:
Article 20. If any of the citizens of the United States, or any Persons under their Protection, shall have any disputes with each other, the Consul shall decide between the Parties; and whenever the Consul shall require any Aid, or Assistance from our Government, to enforce his decisions, it shall be immediately granted to him.
Article 21. If a Citizen of the United States should kill or wound a Moor, or, on the contrary, if a Moor shall kill or wound a Citizen of the United States, the Law of the Country shall take place, and equal Justice shall be rendered, the Consul assisting at the Trial; and if any Delinquent shall make his escape, the Consul shall not be answerable for him in any manner whatever.